A wilderness so immense : the Louisiana Purchase and the destiny of America
Transcription of Annotations
Notes on front endpapers refer to the death of the King of Spain Carlos III in 1789 as an event that allowed the U.S. to pursue the Louisiana Purchase more aggressively. It is noted that the Federalists were of the opinion that this enterprise went against the constitution. The notes also mention a letter by the Spanish negotiator Gardoqui to the Spanish King in 1786 referring to the controversy in Congress regarding the Mississippi. In secret negotiations with Gardoqui, John Jay stated that the northern states were interested in a treaty that would close the Mississippi for up to thirty years in exchange for access to Spanish ports. James Monroe, on the other hand, wanted the river to open up. In 1800 Spain ceded Louisiana back to France. The famous bathroom incident when Lucien and Joseph Bonaparte confront their brother Napoleon about his intent to sell Louisiana without the consent of the Chambers is also referred to in the notes. The Treaty of San Lorenzo is described as "one of the great successes in American diplomacy". A list of American and French politicians and their role in the negotiations is also included in the notes. -- Annotations by Brian Lamb in the margins and underlining of pertinent phrases throughout the book. -- Examples: p. 5: "Key participants in story of Louisiana Purchase: Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, James Monroe, Napoleon Bonaparte, Francois Barbé-Marbois, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord. -- p. 139: "The revival or Père Antoine's appointment as Louisiana commissary of the Inquisition and his specific assignment to root out subversive literature were direct reflections of Spain's initial reaction to the French Revolution - an event that shocked the Atlantic world, played havoc with Spanish efforts to maintain control of the Mississippi River Valley, and in many ways set the stage for the Louisiana Purchase."